A Half-yearly Peer Reviewed Journal of Bangladesh Forest Research Institute

ISSN - Print: 1021-3279 | Online: -

This paper presents the assessment of both the natural and planted species
diversity of the Sitakunda Botanical Garden and Eco-park, Chattogram. A total
of 267 plant species from 101 families are recorded in three zones namely
disturbed, undisturbed and planted areas. Among them 153 plant species
recorded from the natural undisturbed area belonging to trees (45 species),
shrubs (44 species), herbs (34 species) and 30 species of climbers. Fifty two
species were documented from disturbed and planted areas. Mikania cordata,
Chromolaena odorata, Hyptis suaveolens, Mimosa pudica and Ageratum
conyzoides are dominant species in the disturbed zone and Ficus hispida are the
most dominant tree species in the undisturbed zone. The highest Importance
Value Index (IVI) showed 28.08 for Holarrhena antidysenterica and the lowest
1.05 for Mangifera sylvatica in natural patch. Syzygium fruticosum showed the
highest IVI of 27.81 and Pinus caribaea showed the lowest (0.93) IVI in
plantation site. Most of the species are regenerating from the root suckers.
Protection measures shall help the regeneration and conserve the species
diversity in this Botanical Garden and Eco-park.


This paper presents the plant diversity of Ampupara Village Common Forest (VCF), Bandarban Hill
District, Bangladesh, which is managed by the Murang Community. A total of 148 plant species belonging
to 128 genera under 61 families has been recorded from the VCF of about 20 ha. Habit diversity of plants
from this reserve shows that out of 148 species, 82 are trees (55%), 28 shrubs (19%), 24 herbs (16%) and
14 species are climbers (10%). Among the taxa, Euphorbiaceae contains the highest number of species (10)
followed by Rubiaceae (9), Verbenaceae (7), Moraceae (6), Anacardiaceae, Asteraceae, Arecaceae (5),
Mimosaceae, Acanthaceae, Lamiaceae, Meliaceae and Fabaceae (4). The most common species is Kanok
(Schima wallichii). Regarding habitat preferences, members of Araceae, Zingiberaceae and Pteridophytes
are found to grow along the streams and lower slopes. In the paper, species are enumerated with scientific
name(s), Murang names and diversity of habits and habitats. Dominant tree species of the three strata has
been described. This VCF is conserved by community effort for conserving the biodiversity. Occurrence of
148 species over about 20 ha areas seems to have a good number of species diversity which is comparable
with other government managed forest situations in the country.

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